The History of Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori was born in Italy in 1870. She went to school in a time when school was open mainly for men. She became the first female physician in Italy. Her work with mentally-ill children proved to be the foundation for the Montessori method. She observed that the actions of these children with learning disabilities were not completely random, but rather there was a purpose behind them. She created materials for the children to manipulate with their hands and found that they could calm down, focus, and, to the disbelief of many, actually learn.

In the early 1900s, Montessori was given the opportunity to work with children with normal development. Her first Children’s House was in the slums of Rome with rowdy children who were left at home while their parents went off to work. As she observed and experimented with her method, Montessori found that what captivated those mentally-ill children and helped them to concentrate and learn wasn’t unique to them and their circumstances but something innate in all children. Her philosophy and pedagogy challenged the former dominant belief that children were empty vessels to be filled up with all of our (adults’) knowledge. Instead, she believed that children are in fact supremely intelligent and the role of the adult is to act as a guide and remove any obstacles that may hinder their growth to ‘man’.

Children learn best from their own activity.
They learn best when they are active and exploring.

– Maria Montessori

Care for the self:

・dress themselves (button, zipper, fasten, velcro)

・prepare their own snack and feed themselves (cut, use utensils, pour)

・wash their hands

Care for the environment:

・treat materials with respect

・put materials back & clean up

・wipe tables

・water plants

・sweep the floor


Social skills & manners:

・how to greet others

・say “please” and “thank you”

・take turns & share

Additionally, your child will:

・coordinate gross motor skills

・perfect fine motor skills

・practice language skills

・develop concentration & focus

・learn to enjoy learning



The role of education is to interest the child profoundly in an external activity to which he will give all his potential

– Maria Montessori


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